Product Name: Rubbing Alcohol
CAS number: 67-63-0
Synonyms: Isopropyl Alcohol; 2-propanol; sec-propyl alcohol; sec-propanol; dimethylcarbinol
Ingredients: Isopropyl alcohol 70%, Water 30%
Molecular formula: C3H7OH
Physical / Chemical Properties:
Physical State: Liquid
Vapor Pressure: 33 mm Hg @ 20 deg C
Vapor Density: 2.1 (Air=1)
Evaporation Rate:1.7 (n-butyl acetate=1)
Viscosity: 2.27 mPas @ 20 deg C
Boiling Point: 82 deg C @ 760 mm Hg
Freezing/Melting Point:-88 deg C
Specific Gravity/Density:0.7850 (water=1)
Emergency Overview: Harmful if inhaled or swallowed. Highly flammable. Keep away from sources of ignition: No smoking.
Fire and Explosion Hazard Data:
General Information: As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Vapors may form an explosive mixture with air. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Flammable liquid and vapor. Vapors are heavier than air and may travel to a source of ignition and flash back. Vapors can spread along the ground and collect in low or confined areas.
Extinguishing Media: Water may be ineffective. Do NOT use straight streams of water. For large fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, alcohol-resistant foam, or water spray. For small fires, use carbon dioxide, dry chemical, dry sand, or alcohol-resistant foam. Cool containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out.
Flash Point: 18 deg C ( 64.40 deg F)
Autoignition Temperature: 399 deg C ( 750.20 deg F)
Explosion Limits: Lower:2.0 vol %
Upper: 12.7 @ 93.3°C
NFPA Rating: (estimated) Health: 1; Flammability: 3; Instability: 0
Accidental Release Measures:
General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment
Spills/Leaks: Absorb spill with inert material, then place in suitable container. Use water spray to dilute spill to a non-flammable mixture. Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.
Potential Health Effects:
Eyes: May cause irritation.
Skin: May cause irritation to skin.
Ingestion: May cause gastrointestinal discomfort.
Inhalation: May cause irritation to respiratory tract.
First Aid Measures:
Eyes: In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for a t least 15 minutes. Get medical aid.
Skin: In case of contact, flush skin with plenty of water. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Get medical aid if irritation develops and persists. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion: Potential for aspiration if swallowed. Get medical aid immediately. Do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. If vomiting occurs naturally, have victim lean forward.
Inhalation: If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Notes to Physician: Urine acetone test may be helpful in diagnosis. Hemodialysis should be considered in severe intoxication. Treat symptomatically and supportively.
Personal Protective Equipment:
Eyes: Wear chemical splash goggles.
Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators: A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA’s 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant respirator use.
Handling and Storage:
Handling: Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Take precautionary measures against static discharges. Keep container tightly closed. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames. Use only with adequate ventilation. Avoid breathing vapor or mist.
Storage: Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Keep from contact with oxidizing materials. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Stability and Reactivity Data Stability:
Stability: Stable under normal temperature conditions
Conditions to Avoid: Ignition sources, excess heat.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials: Strong oxidizing agents, strong acids, strong bases, amines, ammonia, ethylene oxide, isocyanates, acetaldehyde, chlorine, phosgene, Attacks some forms of plastics, rubbers, and coatings., aluminum at high temperatures.
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Ecotoxicity: Fish: Fathead Minnow: >1000 ppm; 96h; LC50Daphnia: >1000 ppm; 96h; LC50Fish: Gold orfe: 8970-9280 ppm; 48h; LC50 IPA has a high biochemical oxygen demand and a potential to cause oxygen depletion in aqueous systems, a low potential to affect aquatic organisms, a low potential to affect secondary waste treatment microbial metabolism, a low potential to affect the germination of some plants, a high potential to biodegrade (low persistence) with unacclimated microorganisms from activated sludge.
Mobility: The product is miscible with water and mobile in water systems. It will spread in the aquatic environment and travel through groundwater.
Bioaccumulation: Low bioaccumulation potential.
Shipping Name: Isopropanol
Hazard Class: 3
UN Number: UN1219
Packing Group: II
Labels: Flammable Liquid